The following is the musing of a historical autodidact, admittedly, but it's something that I have been thinking about lately.
The nation-state as we think of it was really a product of the age of Napoleon, i.e. the age in which revolution, war and collapse of government brought a pretty decisive halt to European monarchies. The truly large nation states mostly all came into existence in the century after that: The United States, Germany, the British Empire in its terminal form, the Soviet Union, Brazil, and only shortly after that, India and China.
Now that a couple of centuries have passed since the demise of Napoleon, I am beginning to wonder if the world can really afford to have countries that are so large and powerful that they can pose a threat to the world that can only be stopped at a price of the deaths of tens of millions.
Maybe it is time to admit that, after a couple of centuries on an even keel, the United States has been so subverted by the rich that it cannot be permitted to continue to exist as a single entity, with the clear threat of turning into a sort of Nazi Germany with nuclear weapons. Maybe the immense wealth and resources of Russia cannot be allowed to fall into the hands of a single right wing ruler. Maybe we cannot tolerate a country like China, run by rapacious sociopaths, who cover their corruption with a veneer of popular ideology. Maybe all of these countries need to be broken up.
In particular, I wonder if it will not prove to be essential, in the next century or so, to split the United States up into several countries, to protect the whole world from its worst elements. Let the West Coast run its own affairs without interference from right wing demagogues, and let the Northeast do the same. And most certainly, let the States of the former Confederacy sink or swim on their own, without their endless appropriation of resources from people who hate what they stand for and the way they behave.I don't quite know how to split up the rest, and actually I don't care where they end up.
Well, you get the idea. The same should happen in Russia, China and India too, if it happens here. It might make for a happier world.